OPEC’s increased oil output in March fell short of its target under a deal with allies, a Reuters survey found, as outages in some African members partly offset increases by Saudi Arabia and other top producers.
The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) pumped 28.54 million barrels per day (bpd) in March, the survey found, up 90,000 bpd from February but short of the 253,000 bpd increase called for under its deal with allies including Russia.
OPEC and its allies, known as OPEC+, are gradually relaxing 2020 output cuts as demand recovers from the pandemic. OPEC+ met on Thursday and confirmed previously agreed plans, despite the surge in oil prices to a 2008 high above $139 a barrel following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.
The deal calls for a 400,000 bpd increase in March from all OPEC+ members, of which about 253,000 bpd is shared by the 10 OPEC producers the agreement covers.
Output undershot the pledged increases from October to January, but exceeded it in February, Reuters surveys showed, as many producers lack the capacity to pump more crude due to insufficient investment, a trend accelerated by the pandemic.
As a result, the 10 OPEC members are pumping far less than called for under the deal. OPEC compliance with pledged cuts was 151%, the survey found, versus 136% in February.
Libyan output declined by 50,000 bpd due to shutdowns at two oilfields early in the month.
Nigerian output posted a 100,000 bpd decline, the survey found, after incidents prompted force majeure to be declared on the Bonny and Brass River streams. Force majeure was lifted on Brass River.
Kuwait and Iraq each provided smaller increases of 30,000 bpd while the United Arab Emirates added 10,000 bpd.
Production did not increase in Equatorial Guinea or Gabon, the survey found, owing to a lack of capacity to produce more.
The Reuters survey aims to track supply to the market. It is based on shipping data provided by external sources, Refinitiv Eikon flows data, information from tanker trackers such as Petro-Logistics, as well as information provided by sources at oil companies, OPEC and consultants.